World Vegetarian Day – October 1st

Today, October 1st, is International Vegetarian Day. I hope you all ate your vegetables today.  As a lifelong vegetarian, I’m happy to celebrate this “holiday”.  There is a verse in the Vedic literature of ancient India to the effect that, “Slaughtering of animals [by humans for food consumption] is also a form of war. The Earth will never know peace and freedom from war so long as humankind continues to slaughter animals.” Something to think about.

Personally, I’m always somewhat amazed and dismayed at people who claim to love animals (and perhaps live with one or more as pets/companions), yet continue to eat other murdered animals — sometimes one or more individual animals once or twice or thrice a day, virtually every day of the year. Just seems so bizarre to me…but to each their own…






First night in September

As today is the first day of September, I’m re-posting a link to “September Night” by Van Morrison. It’s one of my favourite September pieces of music, one of my favourite of all autumnal pieces of music (ancient seasonal ragas aside). It’s an instrumental piece, with lots of (abstract) vocalizing used as instrumentation, but with no lyrics or singing of actual words.

For the most part I tend to prefer musical pieces that also have lyrics. Hey, I’m a wordy kinda guy. Love words. Love poetry. Literature. Love reading and writing. Love conversation. Love exchanging personal letters (and Love-letters?—just one of the best things in the world!). Love the lyrical dimension to music. But instrumental music (the purely musical part of music, after all), is so wonderful also! And sometimes is best on its own, without benefit, or distraction, of lyrics.

With “pop” music, of broadly-termed rock and related genres, I often find that I tend to assess the true musicality/musical-attunement of various bands/groups and individual “singer-songwriters,” in part, by whether they include in their repertoire at least a few word-less pieces (like one or two per album, or concert) they’ve composed and/or at least pieces they cover by others, pieces that are instrumental-only, without lyrics.

Typically I don’t much care for pop/rock singers who don’t also write their own songs. To me, that’s mostly like a bar-mitzvah/wedding cover band or lounge singer. I’d rather hear from a poet who tries to sing mostly her or his own words, and a singer-songerwriter who also sometimes tries writing & playing her or his own instrumental-only numbers.

Somewhat sadly, to my taste, such instrumental-only pieces are fairly rare in the repertoire of musicians performing/composing in most of the categories I tend to listen to the most: rock/folk/folk-rock/pop/blues/r’n’b/soul, etc. But often I feel such rare instrumental numbers are among such musicians’ best pieces, or perhaps more often that such pieces sometimes could be among their best, with a little more work (&/or talent).

I sometimes get so tired/bored hearing the same old words, or range of thoughts-in-word-form, the same old trite story lines/narratives/ subject plots, sung over and over even by the lyrical writers/performers I like best. Sometimes I just want to hear what they may have to “say” instrumentally-only, what they might have to “say” without words, just with instrumental composition and performance. Just one of my little rants. And one reason I sometimes turn to jazz and classical music.

I love me some good jazz and (good) classical music (and not just Western, European/American classical, but also, most of all, classical Indian music). Love these genres for various reasons, but one reason is their “abstract,” “non-objective,” largely lyric-free, story-free content. With notable exceptions, I typically don’t so much care for vocal jazz or vocal (Western) classical music. There are certainly beautiful exceptions, and you just can’t beat really good operatic arias and jazz skat-singing, and even more so the amazing extensive Indian classical tradition of wordless tonal singing, an ancient mostly spiritual equivalent both of arias and skat. But otherwise, generally for my listening tastes, I like both Indian classical, Western classical, and jazz for their non-wordy intellectually-complex instrumental music, their “pure (word-free) music.” I’d like to see a little more of that incorporated into rock. Some rock. And while we’re at it, I’d love to see much better rock lyrics as well! More literary/poetic intelligence and sophistication, more psychological and spiritual intelligence, insight, sensitivity, and  depth.

Meanwhile, there’s Van Morrison. Whatever his limitations, at his best, for what he does, there’s no one better.

Similar dream-wishes I sometimes have regarding many representational visual artists: I often find myself bored with looking at “the same old” representational objective contents: portraits, figures, landscapes, buildings, still-lifes, etc, as painted by certain representational-only artists. And I sometimes wish many of these same artists also had painted (or, if contemporary, will yet go on to paint), a few purely non-representational, abstract, non-objective pieces. Can you imagine what such non-representational pieces might look like if painted by such historic artists as: Blake, Durer, Chagall, Samuel Palmer, Edward Calvert, Whistler, Van Gogh, Manet, the two Rousseaus (Théodore and Henri)? And so many others—Michelangelo, Leonardo, Raphael, Ingres, Brueghel, Hieronymus Bosch, Constable, Caspar David Friedrich, Philipp Otto Runge? The list is endless.

But then, I also sometimes dream how fascinating it would be to see seriously-endeavoured, sustained examples of landscape, figural pieces, portraits, and other representational works by purely abstract artists. Sadly, in many cases such examples do exist and are fairly pathetic. But then, I suppose most novelist are not such good poets, and vice versa. Many creative artists of various arts and genres have a strong suit and maybe not so very often an also fairly edifying less-strong suit. So be it. I’m grateful for what music and painting and other art there is. One simply always wants more.

Bonus tracks: Enjoy these ancient classical India night ragas!








Doing more for the Himalayan peoples and their cultures.

This volunteer NGO project looks very good to me. I don’t personally know anyone working with them, and I’m not sure how I came to be on their mailing list, but I’m glad I am; they all look like peeps I’d like to have as friends. Take a look at what they are doing to help the people of Nepal and surrounding areas.  –Sky

About Us

Himalaya Project is a Chicago-based non-profit organization consisting of 5 volunteer board members who share the wish to provide education and public health to an entire district of Nepal. We see the benefit of preserving Himalayan culture and its medical practices so that they may directly benefit our friends in Dolpo and so the medical traditions are not lost.

Board of Directors

Mark Sobralske
Executive Director

Mark Sobralske is a practitioner of Chinese medicine, studies Tibetan language at the University of Chicago, and is a practitioner of Tibetan Buddhism. With the changes of the last 50 years in Dolpo, Nepal, Mark recognizes the value in preserving the unique cultural heritage of Himalayan medicine in the trans-Himalayan region. Mark is inspired by the talent and experience of the board of directors and the advisory board and finds it a privilege to learn from and work with them.
Kenny Wong

Kenny Wong is Secretary for Himalaya Project. He strongly believes in the organization’s mission of self-empowerment through education, traditional healthcare, and the preservation of a way of being. He studied philosophy at the University of Chicago, where he read books and cut hair to fundraise for Nepal’s earthquake relief and Himalaya Project. He has previously worked with two nonprofits in education – Chicago’s Peace Corner Youth Center and the Jacaranda School in Malawi.
Mason Stabler
Treasurer and Social Media Director

Mason Stabler joined the board of directors of Himalaya Project in 2014. He is a fourth year student at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine where he will receive his masters of science in acupuncture and oriental medicine. He received his BA in biology from Kenyon College.
Dr. Lori Howell
Education Director

Drawing on a background in academia, Dr. Lori Howell focuses on the design, implementation, program evaluation and student learning for our school for Himalayan medicine. Dr. Howell is an advocate for education, healthcare, and the preservation of traditional medicine. She is a member of Illinois Association of Acupuncture and Oriental Medicine (ILAAOM), International Association for the Study of Traditional Asian Medicine (IASTAM), and Association of Traditional Medicine Chiangmai Northern Thailand (ATMCNT). Dr. Howell practices traditional Chinese medicine and is Associate Professor at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine.
Shristi Dugar
Board Member

Shristi Dugar is a Nepalese freshman at Northwestern University studying Material Science and Engineering and Economics. She is passionate about teaching self-sufficiency to communities lacking basic necessities like electricity, water and healthcare. Her passion for social entrepreneurship motivates her work with Himalaya Project. She is actively involved in social initiatives in Nepal, focusing on reconstruction and rehabilitation after the April 2015 earthquake and women and youth empowerment. She wants to participate in Himalaya Project to learn, grow and help provide the Dolpo community self-sustaining medical education and healthcare.
Hannah Kupferschmid
Board Member

Hannah Kupferschmid is in her first year at the University of Chicago studying Global Studies and South Asian Languages and Civilizations. Her interest in Global Health and the Tibetan language led her to the Himalaya Project, and she is excited to be a member of the team. Hannah has volunteered for the non-profit “For Hearts & Souls” in Iraqi Kurdistan, and she is looking forward to helping the people of Dolpo preserve their traditions and gain access to medical education.

Advisory Board

Himalaya Project’s Advisory Board provides strategic advice and support to the Board of Directors in areas of expertise including navigating the education and medical communities in Nepal and the trans-Himalayan region, non-profit organization and management, fiduciary responsibility and accountability, clarity of communication to Nepalese and north American audiences, brand recognition, strategic planning, marketing, and team building.

Dolpo Tulku Rinpoche
Dolpo Tulku Rinpoche was born in Dho Tarap, Dolpo in 1982 and recognized as the third reincarnation of Dolpo Nyinchung Tulku Rinpoche. He received early monastic training in Namdroling Monstery, India and entered Nyingma Ngagyur Institute at age 15, distinguishing himself in Tibetan literature, poetry, history and Buddhist studies. In 2007 he was became a full-fledged teacher at the Institute. He is the subject of an award-winning documentary “Dolpo Tulku-Return to the Himalayas.” Currently, he travels throughout Asia and Europe teaching Buddhist philosophy, conducting seminars and raising awareness about the needs of people in Dolpo. He founded The Dolpo Tulku Charitable Foundation in 2010 to promote protection of the environment and culture, improve healthcare and promote integration of modern and traditional education.
Amchi Namgyal Rinpoche
Dr. Namgyal Rinpoche serves the people of Dho-Tarap, Dolpo running an herbal clinic, teaching meditation and conducting healing rituals. He received his initial teaching through the lineage of his grandfather, Lama Gartung Rinpoche and received the traditional Medicine Buddha empowerment from Ghagar Rinpoche, His Holiness Penor Rinpoche and His Eminence Shechen Rapjam Rinpoche. Namgyal Rinpoche founded Dolpo Mentsee Khang in conjunction with the WWF Nepal initiative for cultural and natural preservation of the Tibetan culture in the Dho-Tarap Valley. He is the current President of the Dolpo Amchi Association, Chairman of the National Himalayan Amchi Association and advocates for recognition of Himalayan Medicine as a primary healthcare resource in Nepal.
Amchi Ngawang Thinley
Dr. Ngawang Thinley has directed the Tibetan Medicine Department at Shechen Clinic and Hospice in Boudhanath, Nepal since 2000. Born in Thimphu, Bhutan in 1975, Ngawang attended Chagpori Tibetan Medical Institute in Darjeeling, India. Following his studies, Ngawang helped set up a Tibetan medicine clinic at his alma mater. In 1998 he helped to create Shechen Rabjam Public Trust Project, a mobile clinic providing free health services to 46 destitute villages in Bihar, one of the poorest states in India. Inspired by his mother to pursue a career in medicine, Dr. Ngawang Thinley treats the spiritual, emotional and physical well-being of his patients whose illnesses range from the common cold to incurable cancer.
Dr. Yangbum Gyal
Dr. Yangbum Gyal is a traditional Tibetan medical doctor and licensed acupuncturist currently practicing at Human Nature in Madison, WI, Medicine Buddha Healing Center in Spring Green, WI and Life Force Healing Center in Evanston, IL. An accomplished translator and teacher of the Tibetan language, Dr. Gyal has taught language and Tibetan medicine at Indiana University-Bloomington, authored the Tibetan Medical Dietary Book: Vol I, The Potency and Preparation of Vegetables and translated One Day in the Life of Ivan Denisovich by Alexander Solzhenitsyn into Tibetan. Dr. Gyal is also working as a training officer focusing on translation and interpretation at the Cultural Linguistic Service, University of Wisconsin-Madison, USA.
Sienna Radha Craig, Ph.D.
Sienna Radha Craig is Associate Professor of Anthropology at Dartmouth College, Hanover, NH. She is co-editor of Himalaya, the journal of the Association for Nepal and Himalayan Studies and chairs the Medical Advisory Board for One Heart World-Wide. She co-founded DROKPA in 1998, a non-profit whose mission is to partner with pastoral communities in the Himalayas and Central Asia to implement grassroots development and catalyze social entrepreneurship. She earned her Ph.D. in anthropology at Cornell University in 2006. The major focus of Sienna’s research, writing and teaching is the investigation of contemporary Tibetan medicine as a globalizing “complementary and alternative” medicine. She has published widely – from scholarly articles to poetry, creative non-fiction and journalism to children’s literature.
Matthew R. Barton, CPA
Matthew R. Barton, CPA is a partner at Weinberg, Barton & Company, a public accounting firm specializing in tax and strategic financial planning for small to mid-size business. Matt is a graduate of Campbell University, Buies Creek, North Carolina where he received his BBA in Accounting while serving in the U.S. Marine Corps at Camp Lejeune. Matt serves on the board for Evanston American Youth Soccer Organization, Warren W. Cherry Preschool and Curt’s Café, Evanston.
Dylan Lott
Dylan Lott is an Instructor and doctoral candidate in anthropology at University of Illinois at Chicago. His research examines the development of emerging neuroimaging research fields and technology sectors within South and East Asia. In addition to his work with the Himalaya Project he is—with the support of the Wenner-Gren Foundation—working to preserve and repatriate the linguistic materials and tribal artifacts of the Parintintin, an indigenous people of Brazil.
Stephen B. Starr
Stephen Starr is Principal of Stephen B. Starr Design, Inc., a design and communication consultancy in Evanston, IL. Stephen is a former president of the Chicago Creative Coalition, organizer for the Chicago Weekly Sitting Meditation Group and founder and organizer of the Chicago Web Professionals. Stephen designs web-based and print communication and edits language for north American audiences for Himalaya Project. He is interested in the wisdom of indigenous spiritual traditions and its evolution in the unfolding story of human life.
Diane Testa
Diane A. Testa, M.A., is founder and president of Koi Consulting Group, Inc., which offers business, marketing and leadership consulting services. Diane is passionate about her mission—enabling people and organizations to live their purpose and move forward with clarity, strength and courage. She remains behind the scenes of the Himalaya Project, helping with strategic planning, marketing strategy, and team building. She is most interested in helping to educate the western allopathic world about the ancient wisdom of eastern medicine and to ensure the people of Dolpo receive basic medical education and health care.






Moving Closer to School Opening | Possible Partnerships | Site

Moving Closer to School Opening | Possible Partnerships | Site Visits

Since raising the funds to start our vocational school for Tibetan medicine in 2015, it has been a long and winding path to move forward with our project; certainly not a straight line to the top of the mountain for our team!

In the past year, we had a number of obstacles put in our path including things not happening as planned with the original partner organization that we intended to work with in Nepal from the beginning. Fortunately, all of these obstacles occurred early and so we have been able to explore other options in terms of partner organizations.

Now, after learning a few things, we feel like we are in a better position than we were originally when we first began. Sometimes it works out like that and in the end its all for the best. Though it has taken us more time, we are talking to multiple possible partner organizations in Nepal which have a similar mission and vision as ours and things are finally looking up and better than we could have ever imagined in the beginning.

Hopefully soon, we’ll have a memorandum of understanding with these organizations in hand, and we can begin to share all the details of our partnership with you! And finally, the next step after the partnership piece is solidified, we’ll plan to open the school.

To bring us to this point, in 2017, a few of our board members travelled to Nepal at various times to attend meetings with the new potential partners.

Lhakpa Tsering, our Himalaya Project field coordinator has been indispensable in arranging meetings, and negotiating the terms of the potential memorandum(s) of understanding we are pursuing.

In just a few days, Lhakpa will head to Dolpo with a group from the Nomads Clinic, led by Upaya Zen Buddhist teacher, Joan Halifax, in order to offer free check ups and healthcare to the local people from their team of experts. Read more about the Nomads Clinic and Upaya Zen Center here.

As our field coordinator, he also happens to be stopping in the village in which our school may soon be located. Lhakpa will perform a site visit and have a few meetings with the school staff regarding our potential collaboration. Exciting things to come!


Introducing Our Newest Board Member | Hannah Kupferschmid

We are so excited to introduce to you our newest Board Member, Hannah Kupferschmid, who joined the team in March of this year!

Hannah is beginning her second year at the University of Chicago studying Global Studies and South Asian Languages and Civilizations.

Hannah’s passion for Global Health stems from her experience volunteering in Iraq in 2016 through For Hearts and Souls, a non-profit organization that sends a team of doctors to developing countries to conduct heart surgeries. Additionally, Hannah became interested in Tibetan medicine after taking a year of the Tibetan language in college and traveling to Tibet this summer to learn about Tibetan Buddhism and Buddhism art.

Outside of academia, Hannah enjoys running outdoors, hiking, reading historical fiction novels, and traveling to new places to learn about their cultures.

Welcome, Hannah! We couldn’t be more proud and pleased to have you on our team.

Get To Know Our Board of Directors

While most of our Board has remained the same over the past year, there are some slight changes. We hail from across the country and globe, which is why our board meetings have recently migrated from in-person to online, Google Hangouts.

Here are some quick facts about our hardworking and talented team!

Mark Sobralske: Mark is a practitioner of Chinese Medicine, enjoys motorcycling, Tibetan Buddhist meditation, and is passionate about providing health care and education to underserved rural areas.

Dr. Lori Howell: A learned scholar on Chinese Medicine, Dr. Howell teaches courses relating to this subject at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine – Chicago and has a private acupuncture practice in Evanston called In Fine Fettle. Lori also likes traveling and has studied in both China and Thailand.

Kenny Wong: A 2016 graduate of the University of Chicago with degrees in Philosophy and International Studies, Kenny now works at Innosight in Boston. Kenny has interests in design, cutting hair (which he did to raise money for the 2015 Nepal earthquake), and rock-climbing.

Mason Stabler: After graduating from Kenyon College with a degree in biology, Mason studied acupuncture at Pacific College of Oriental Medicine. In addition to practicing acupuncture in Vermont, Mason enjoys foraging for medicinal and edible mushrooms, and has found many types this summer, including Reishi, Lion’s Mane, and Chaga.

Shristi Dugar: Shristi is a rising junior at Northwestern University and studies material science, engineering, and economics. She is from Kathmandu, Nepal, and has greatly helped the Himalaya Project gain contacts in the region. Most recently, Shristi has joined Jeffery Snyder Group as a research intern in the field of thermoelectrics.

Hannah Kupferschmid: From Dallas, Hannah will be a second year at the University of Chicago. While her biography is above, another interesting fact about Hannah is that she was born in Guam, a small island in the Micronesia, and enjoys going back to visit.

NYC Teen Risks Life to Comfort Stranger


Angels come in many forms.

 This is further proof that not all is lost. That when given a chance for compassion, many of our youth..our future..will know what to do when the time comes.

This happened in New York City on Saturday. At a subway station at Lafayette and Broadway.

A despondent young woman climbed over a railing and crawled over open girders that were 25 feet above the ground and over 5 feet apart. And began sobbing.

According to a witness, Michal Klein, “The only thing I overheard was the young girl saying nobody cares about her.”

Then a young man on the first level saw her, and ran up to the second floor. He climbed and crawled over the beams to where she was sitting. He began talking to her quietly. Then he put his arm around her. After a minute, she put her head on his shoulder.

They were up there for almost ten minutes before the fire department arrived. They both crawled back over the ledge…holding hands the entire time. He borrowed a pen from an officer and wrote his information down for her and she put it in her pocket.

She was then taken away by ambulance to the hospital.

And this young man picked up his backpack, got on a subway, and left.

Said Klein, who took the picture, “It was just like a random person who went over to keep her calm.  He actually cared enough, whoever he was, to help her. A lot of people seemed to be like, ‘Oh, it’s New York,’ and kept walking. I don’t know what I would’ve done. I don’t think I would’ve climbed over to do that.”

Another witness noted that most people didn’t even break stride as they quickly glanced up.

Said another, “Angels come in many forms.”

The NYPD has stated that when you encounter a suicidal person, even if they are gentle, you should call for help, ’instead of taking matters into your own hands.’

I respectfully disagree. When many feel alone and isolated, the kindness of someone that WANTS to be there can make all the difference in their world. And if you have that feeling of compassion come over you and you feel it in your bones, then you should act on those feelings.

In NYC, more people die per year in the city from suicide than from both murder and car accidents.

Thanks to this young man…not last Saturday.



Justice Lost and Poetry Found

“THINGS,” as they say, “could always be worse.” Consider Tuco “the Ugly” Ramirez in The Good, The Bad, and The Ugly. The first and second of his death penalty sentences are given below. Not everything bad-ass is Truly Bad-Ass. Poetry is where you find it.


Wanted in fourteen counties of this state,
the condemned is found guilty of the crimes of
armed robbery of citizens, state banks and post offices,
the theft of sacred objects,
arson in a state prison,
deserting his wife

and children,
inciting prostitution,
receiving stolen goods,
selling stolen goods,
passing counterfeit money;
and contrary to the laws of this state,
the condemned is guilty of
using marked cards

and loaded dice.
Therefore, according to the powers vested in us,
we sentence the accused here before us,
Tuco Benedicto Pacifico Juan Maria Ramirez
[“known as ‘The Rat’ ”],
and any other aliases he might have,
to hang by the neck until dead.
May God have mercy on his soul.


… Wanted in fifteen counties of this state,

the condemned, standing before us,—sitting before us,—

Tuco Benedicto Pacifico Juan Maria Ramirez,

has been found guilty by the Third District Circuit Court of the following crimes:


assaulting a Justice of the Peace,

raping a virgin of the white race,

statutory rape of a minor of the black race,

…of derailing a train in order to rob the passengers,

…bank robbery, highway robbery, robbing an unknown number of post offices.

…and breaking out of the state prison,

counterfeiting and passing counterfeit money;

…and the accused is also charged with using marked cards and loaded dice,

and promoting prostitution,

…guilty of crimes against places of high authority;


intention of selling fugitive slaves,

… illegal postal pick up,

… guilty of crimes that include

burning down the courthouse and sheriff’s office in Sonora.

The condemned then hired himself out as guide to a wagon train.

After receiving his payment in advance, he deserted the wagon train on the hunting grounds of the Sioux Indians.

The condemned is also guilty of

cattle rustling,

horse thievery,

supplying Indians with firearms;

… and misrepresenting himself as a Mexican General

in order to receive a salary and living allowance

from the Union Army.

For all these crimes the accused has made

a full and spontaneous confession.

Therefore we condemn him

to be hanged by the neck until dead.

May the Lord have mercy on his soul.


Dallas Protesters Embrace Each Other

And sometimes, people join together

(This just looks a  little staged to me. It doesn’t seem like there was any angry hatred or desire to injury or kill others here as among the KKK/Nazis in Charlottesville. But it sends a good message, in any case. With or without prayer huddles. So I like to think it’s legit.)



A Confederate Veteran Speaks: What the Monuments Mean

A Confederate Veteran Speaks: What the Monuments Mean

In Confederacy on August 21, 2017, with no comments


What do Confederate monuments mean? This is apparently a question that continues to vex many.

Perhaps Wiley N. Nash, Mississippian and Civil War veteran, can help.

“What good purpose,” he asked in 1908, “is subserved, promoted and supported by the erection of these Confederate memorials all over the South?”

#Shorter Nash reply: “White people shall rule the South forever.”

But of course Nash had studied both literature and the law at the University of Mississippi, so his actual answer came fully attired in his best Lost Cause finery:

Like the watch fires kindled along the coast of Greece that leaped in ruddy joy to tell that Troy had fallen, so these Confederate monuments, these sacred memorials, tell in silent but potent language, that the white people of the South shall rule and govern the Southern states forever.

Wiley was the featured speaker on December 2, 1908, when the white citizens of Lexington, Mississippi, gathered for ceremonies to unveil their new Confederate monument. It was typical of the memorials then going up across the south: A generic soldier standing atop a stone column, in front of the county courthouse.

The column is of modest height, not as tall as the one in Natchez, say, nor does it feature any secondary statues at its base, as the one in Greenwood does. Both were richer cities. Still, the monument’s debut was something to be celebrated. A college band played “Dixie.” A group of school children sang “The Bonnie Blue Flag.” Civil War Veterans paraded along with eleven girls chosen to represent the eleven seceding states of the Confederacy.

Nash was eminently qualified for his leading role. He was a Mississippian by birth, and a lawyer who had served both in the state legislature and as the state’s attorney general.

More to the point, he had fought in the war, riding in various cavalry units. Equally important, after the war he had fought in the campaign to restore white rule in Mississippi. Nash “did as much as any one man,” read one of his obituaries, “to assist in gaining control of the state government and accomplishing the overflow [sic] of carpet bag and Negro rule.”

“To him,” it continued, “Mississippi should be ever grateful for the part he took in the protection and preservation of our traditional hereditary rights and liberties.”

We may be ever grateful to Nash as well, for among his fulsome remarks that day, which run to roughly 7,000 words, he included a clear, concise, nine-point-itemized list on what the statues actually do.

The ruddy leaping joy of perpetual white power comes in at number seven. Monuments also “keep honorable” the “present and future dominant and ruling Southern Anglo-Saxon element” (item 2) and help “keep the white people of the South united — a thing so necessary” (item 6). They will also remind one and all “how sacred and how dear are the reserved rights of the States, reserved in the language of the Constitution to the States, or to the people” (item 8).

It may be asked, “What good purpose is subserved, promoted and supported by the erection of these Confederate memorials all over the South?” I answer:

(1) Besides honoring the South, the Southern cause, its supporters and brave defenders, the living and the dead, it will keep in heart and spirit the South, and her people for all time to come.

(2) It will keep honored and honorable, as the years roll on, the name and fame of the fathers and forefathers of our present and future dominant and ruling Southern Anglo-Saxon element, those who, “come weal, come woe,” are to mould, shape, fix, dictate, and control the destiny of the South and her people.

(3) It will educate each rising generation, each influx of immigration in our customs, traditions, thought and feeling, as well as in the esteem, love and admiration of the Southern people.

(4) It will help all others to form a correct idea of, a respect for our civil, religious, social and educational institutions.

(5) It will help to a true understanding of home rule and local self-government, contending for which the South lost so many of her best and bravest.

(6) It will serve to keep the white people of the South united — a thing so necessary — to keep, protect, preserve and transmit, our true Southern social system, our cherished Southern civilization, —

    • “And Dixie’s sons shall stand together,
    • Mid sunshine and in stormy weather,
    • Through lightning flashes and mountains sever,
    Count on the ‘Solid South’ forever.”

(7) Like the watch fires kindled along the coast of Greece that leaped in ruddy joy to tell that Troy had fallen, so these Confederate monuments, these sacred memorials, tell in silent but potent language, that the white people of the South shall rule and govern the Southern states forever.

(8) They will tell to Sovereign States from the Atlantic, where raged the fight that made us free, to the calm and placid waters of the Pacific, to States, if made from the isles of the sea, how sacred and how dear are the reserved rights of the States, reserved in the language of the Constitution to the States, or to the people.

(9) They will teach the South through all the ages to love the Southern Cause, her Southern soldier boys.

On this matter, Nash is an unimpeachable source: a Mississippian, a veteran, a redeemer and a monument-unveiler. This is what the monuments mean. His is the definitive answer. His is a direct expression of the original intent, if you will, of the people who built them.

More than a dozen Confederate monuments have come down across the country since the events of Charlottesville earlier this month, and others are now being reviewed. The memorial in Lexington still stands, as do all the rest in Mississippi. No cities have announced reviews. Earlier this year, a member of the legislature said that anyone who wanted to take down statues “should be lynched!” De-Dixiefication, like the Civil Rights Movement, will come late to Mississippi.

There is a renewed talk about finally changing the state flag, an effort rekindled by Dylann Roof murdering nine church-goers in Charleston, South Carolina, two years ago. Mississippi’s current flag is the last in the south to contain a Confederate element. The design dates back to 1893, when the state legislature, including Wiley Nash, approved it.